Social Uses of Technology

1990 - The FBI launches the Combined DNA Information System (CODIS) as a software program in order to aid in criminal investigation [10]

1992 - Innocence Project was founded by Barry Scheck and Peter Neufeld. [7] As of April 2, 2012 the project has succeeded in proving the innocence of 289 wrongly convicted prisoners.

1994 - The DNA Identification Act is passed to allow the FBI to create a national database for criminals' genetic fingerprints [10]

1994 - OJ Simpson is tried and for his wife's murder and found "not guilty" despite overwhelming DNA evidence indicating that he committed the crime. [7]

1998 - The National DNA Index (NDIS) is launched and used, in tandem with CODIS, by 9 different states in the United States in order to keep track of genetic profiles of criminals [10]


1910 - The world's first forensics lab is created in France [1]

1983 - Kary Mullis pioneers the process of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) [3]

1985 - Alec Jeffreys discovers RFLPs and imagines their use for genetic fingerprinting [9]

Early 1990s - The use of STRs are discovered and put into practice [14]


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